Journal of Emerging Economies and Islamic Research
Volume 1, Number 1, Year 2013
This research paper aims to establish the principles of halal logistics. This exploratory research paper is based on a large discussion group held in Malaysia to define the scope of halal logistics, its principles and foundation for Muslim and non-Muslim countries. Halallogistics covers warehousing, transportation and terminal operations. The establishment of these principles serves as a guide for the creation of a global halal logistics system; minimising hardship for the halal industry; define cross-contamination between halal and haramand how to avoid it; create an evolution of a complete halal value chain and supply chain; and benchmark with existing standards and best practices. For Muslim countries, halal logistics is based on avoiding direct contact with haram, addressing the risk of contamination, and perception of the Muslim consumer. For non-Muslim countries, halal logistics is only based on avoiding direct contact with haram and addressing the risk of contamination. Since this paper is an exploratory study, it provides some insights into the minimum and preferred level of halal logistics in Muslim and non-Muslim countries. However, quantitative research is needed to confirm this difference in consumer perception between Muslim and non-Muslim countries.
- Abdul, M., Ismail, H, Hashim, H. & Johari, J. (2009). Consumer decision making process in shopping for Halal food in Malaysia. China-USA Business Review, 8(9), 40-47.
- Alam, S.S. & Sayuti, N.M. (2011). Applying the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in halal food purchasing, International Journal of Commerce and Management, 21(1), 8-20.
- Al-Salem, F.H. (2009). Islamic Financial Product Innovation. International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, 2(3), 187-200.
- Al-Qaradawi, Y. (2007). The Lawful and The Prohibited in Islam, Islamic Book Trust, Malaysia.
- Andersen, E.S. (1994). The evolution of credence goods: a transactional approach to product specification and quality control, MAPP working paper No. 21.
- Bonne, K., Vermeir, I., Bergeaud-Blackler, F. & Verbeke, W. (2007). Determinants of Halal meat consumption in France. British Food Journal, 109(5), 367 – 386.
- Bonne, K. & Verbeke, W. (2008). Religious values informing Halal meat production and the control and delivery of Halal credence quality. Agriculture and Human Values, 25(1), 35-47.
- Brunso, K., Fjord, T.A. & Grunert, K.G. (2002), Consumers’ food choice and quality perspective, Working Paper No 77, The Aarthus School of Business.
- Carlock, D.M. & Perry, A.M. (2008). Exploring faculty experiences with e-books: a focus group. Library Hi Tech, 26(2), 244-254.
- Chambers, D.H. & Munoz, A.M. (2009). Focus-group evaluation of nutrition education displays by Hispanic adults who live in the USA. Health Education, 109(5), 439-450.
- Chaundry, M.M., Hussaini, M.M., Jackson, M.A. & Riaz, M.N. (2000). Halal Industry Production Standards, J&M Food Products Company, Illinois, USA.
- Cho, B.H. & Hooker, N.H. (2002). A Note on Three Qualities: Search, Experience and Credence Attributes, Working Paper: AEDE-WP-0027-02, Department of Agriculture, Environmental, and Development Econonomics, The Ohio State University.
- Codex Alimentarius (1997). General Guidelines for the use of the term Halal, CAC/GL 24-1997, Codex Alimentarius Commission.
- Department of Standards Malaysia (2004). MS 1500:2004: Halal Food – production, preparation, handling and storage – general guidelines (first revision), Malaysia.
- Department of Islamic Development Malaysia (2005). Manual Procedure of Halal certification Malaysia, Malaysia.
- Department of Standards Malaysia (2010a). MS 2400-1:2010 (P): Halalan-Toyyiban Assurance Pipeline – Part 1: Management system requirements for transportation of goods and/or cargo chain services, Malaysia.
- Department of Standards Malaysia (2010b). MS 2400-2:2010 (P): Halalan-Toyyiban Assurance Pipeline – Part 2: Management system requirements warehouse and related activities, Malaysia.
- Department of Standards Malaysia (2010c). MS 2400-3:2010 (P): Halalan-Toyyiban Assurance Pipeline –
- Part 3: Management system requirements for retailing, Malaysia.
- Grudens-Schuck, N., Allen, B.L., & Larson, K. (2004). Focus Group Fundamentals, Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Extension, http://www.extensions.iastate.edu/Publications/PM1969B.pdf.
- Grunert, K.G., Hartvig Lasen, H., Madsen, T.K. & Baadsgaard, A. (1996), Market orientation in food and agriculture, Kluwer Academic Publishers.
- Halalkeur (2003). De nationaal halalkeur standaard, Stichting Nationale Halalkeur, the Netherlands (in Dutch).
- Hines, T. (2000). An evaluation of two qualitative methods (focus group interviews and cognitive maps) for conducting research into entrepreneurial decision making, Qualitative Market Research: An International Journal, 3(1), 7-16.
- Hussaini, M.M. (1993). Islamic Dietary Concepts & Practices, The Islamic Food & Nutrition Council of America, USA.
- Jahn, G., Schramm, M. & Spiller, A. (2005). The reliability of certification: Quality Labels as a Consumer Policy Tool. Journal of Consumer Policy, 28(1), 53-73.
- Juhl, H.J., Poulsen, C.S. & Fjord, T.A. (2000). Modeling the effects of labelling. Visionary Marketing for the 21st Century: Facing the Challenge, ANZMAC 2000, 600-604.
- Kitzinger, J. (1995). Introducing focus groups. BMJ, 311(7000), 299-302.
- Laldin, M.A. (2006). Islamic Law – An introduction, International Islamic University Malaysia.
- Lam, Y. & Alhashmi, S.M. (2008). Simulation of Halal food supply chain with certification system: a multi-agent system approach. PRIMA ’08: proceedings of the 11th Pacific Rim International Conference on Multi-agents: Intelligent agents and multi-agent system.
- Lambert, D.M., Cooper, M.C., & Pagh, J.D. (1998). Supply Chain Management: Implementation Issues and Research Opportunities. The International Journal of Logistics Management, 9(2), 1-19.
- Lammers, B., Amstel, W.P. van, & Eijkelenbergh, P. (2009). Risicomanagement en logistiek: kan uw organisatie tegen een stootje? Pearson Education Benelux (in Dutch).
- Larson, K., Grudens-Schuck, N. & Allen, B. L. (2004). Can you call it a focus group?, Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Extension, http://www.extensions.iastate.edu/Publications/PM1969A.pdf.
- Lazarova, R. (2010). Consumer’s perception of food quality and its relation to the choice of food, Master Thesis, Department of Marketing and Statistics, Handelshojskolen, Aarhus Univeristet.
- Maxwell, J.A. (2005). Qualitative Research Design: An interactive approach, Applied Social Research Method Series, Volume 42, Sage Publications.
- McClelland, S.B. (1994). Training Needs Assessment Data-gathering Methods: Part 3, Focus Groups. Journal of European Industrial Training, 18(3), 29-32.
- Mohamad, M.H. (2005). Future Expectations of the Halal Food Industry: Malaysian Perspective, Centre for Economics and Social Studies, IKIM.
- Muhammad, N.M.N., Isa, F.M. & Kifli, B.C. (2009). Positioning Malaysia as Halal-Hub: Integration Role of Supply Chain Strategy and Halal Assurance System. Asian Social Science, 5(7), 44-52.
- MUIS (2005). MUIS Halal Certification Standard (first draft): General guidelines for the handling and processing of Halal food, Majlis Ugama Islam Singapore.
- New Straits Times (2005). Ikea: we ensure our food is halal. 24 March.
- Othman, P., Sungkar, I., & Hussin, W.S.W. (2009). Malaysia as an International Halal food hub – Competitiveness and Potential of meat-based industries. ASEAN Economic Bulletin, 26(3), 306-320.
- Port of Rotterdam (2005). Halal Logistics Handbook, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
- Prince, M. & Davies, M. (2001). Moderator Teams: an extension to focus group methodology. Qualitative Market Research: An International Journal, 4(4), 207-216.
- Pullman, M. & Dillard, J. (2010). Values based supply chain management and emergent organizational structures. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 30(7), 744-771
- Rosly, S.A. (2010). Shariah parameters reconsidered. International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, 3(2), 132-146.
- Ruyter, K. de (1996). Focus versus Nominal Group Interviews: a comparative analysis, Marketing Intelligence & Planning, 14(6), 44-50.
- Sekaran, U. (2007). Research methods for business: a skill building approach, Fourth Edition, Wiley India.
- Shafie, S. & Othman, M.N. (2004). Halal Certification: an international marketing issues and challenges, Track 13 International marketing and service.
- Solsis (2010). Brands, distribution, Halal certification: Attitude and purchasing behaviours of customers from North Africa, Horizons Study Shoppers 2010, France.
- Strokes, D. & Bergin, R. (2006). Methodology or “Methodolatry?: An evaluation of focus groups and depth interviews. Qualitative Market Research: An International Journal, 9(1), 26-37.
- Talib, H.H.A., Ali, K.A.M. & Jamaludin, K.R. (2008). Quality Assurance in Halal Food Manufacturing in Malaysia: A preliminary study, Proceedings of International Conference on Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering (ICME 2008), 21-23 May 2008, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.
- Tieman, M. (2011). The application of Halal in supply chain management: in-depth interviews. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 2(2), 186 – 195.
- Vorst, J.G.A.J. van der (2006). Performance Measurement in Agri-food supply-chain networks – an overview. Quantifying the agri-food supply chain, 15-26.
- Waarden, F. & Dalen, R. van (2010). Het homunculusprobleem van vrije markten: over het halal-geval van handel in vertrouwen. B en M, 37(3), 259-278 (in Dutch).
- Walden, G.R. (2006). Focus Group Interviewing in the Library literature: A selective annotated biography 1996-2005. Reference Services Review, 34(2), 222-241.
- Wall, A.L. (2001). Evaluating an undergraduate unit using a focus group. Quality Assurance in Education, 9(1), 23-31.
- Wilson, J.A.J. & Liu, J. (2010). Shaping the Halal into a brand. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 1(2), 107-123.
- World Halal Forum (2009). A critical reflection of the Global Halal Industry. The executive review 2009, 10-16.
- Zailani, S., Arrifin, Z., Abd Wahid, N., Othman, R. & Fernando, Y. (2010). Halal Traceability and Halal Tracking Systems in Strengthening Halal Food Supply Chains for Food Industry in Malaysia (a review). Journal of Food Technology, 8(3), 74-81.
- Zakaria, Z. (2008). Tapping into the world Halal market: some discussions on Malaysian laws and standards. Shariah Journal, Vol. 16, Special Edition (2008), 603-616.
- Zakaria, N & Abdul-Talib, S.N. (2010). Applying Islamic maket-ortiented cultural model to sensitize strategies towards global customers, competitors, and environment. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 1(1), 51-62.